2 Types of runways (tunnels)
subsurface runways are feeding tunnels just below surface
can be developed at a rate of 100 feet a dayDeep
- deep runways are 3 - 12 inches below surface
- these are main runways
- During frozen or dry periods these are the only runways used
Moles travel 18 ' an hour
Litter size is (2 - 8) 3 times per year
In June 3rd week, young are out on their own.
Moles live up to 7 years, 85% though die in the first 3 years.
Moles eat as many earthworms as they do grubs which means
getting rid of them with chemical means (Grub Killer) doesn't work.
Differences between other burrowing
Star nose : Semi Aquatic, open tunnel with water inside
Voles: Herbivores, 1/4 inch holes, Damage looks like a spider
web outline in the grass.